Monday, December 11, 2006

A brief history of evolution

Evolution is a change in the genetic structure of a variety. For thousands of years during pre-scientific times the theory of evolution was unreal. The understanding of the universe was based only on the interpretation of paranormal concepts; God created Earth and made everything the way it is. People thought that to think differently would be impractical.

There were two long-standing planning that impeded the development of the concept of evolution. One would be the fixity of variety. The notion of Fixity of Species is that, “Species, once produced, can never modify.” This is a theory that is totally different to those of biological evolution. God created man as well as he is who he is. The non-living and whole worlds are fixed by creation.

Tuesday, December 05, 2006

History of chocolate

The word chocolate is derived from the Nahunta language of the Aztecs of Mexico. The word is derived from the Nahunta word xocolatl. The word is derived from xocolli bitter, and atl, water. It is associated with the Mayan god of Fertility. Mexican philologist Ignacio Davila Garibi proposed that "Spaniards had coined the word by taking the Maya word chocol and then replacing the Maya term for water, haa, with the Aztec one, Atl."[Verification needed] However, it is more likely that the Aztecs themselves coined the term, having long adopted into the Nahuatl the Mayan word for the "cacao" bean; the Spanish had little contact with the Mayans before Cort├ęs's early reports to the Spanish King of the beverage known as xocolatl.

The chocolate residue found in an ancient Maya pot suggests that Mayans were drinking chocolate 2,600 years ago, which is the earliest record of cacao use. The Aztecs associated chocolate with Xochiquetzal, the goddess of fertility. In the New World, chocolate was consumed in a bitter and spicy drink called xocoatl, often seasoned with vanilla, chile pepper, and achiote, (which we know today as annatto). Xocoatl was believed to fight fatigue, a belief that is probably attributable to the theobromine content. Chocolate was an important luxury good throughout pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and cocoa beans were often used as currency. Other chocolate drinks combined it with such edibles as maize gruel (which acts as an emulsifier) and honey.